A Guide to the Types of Orthopedic Surgeries

Bone, ligament, and tendon diseases are treated via orthopedic surgery. Meniscus surgery, hip replacement, and spinal fusion are orthopedic operations. They are performed to mend problems pertaining to a specific underlying condition, age and accident. There is an array of orthopedic surgeries. Well, what are they? It’s time to find out! 

Eight Types of Orthopedic Surgeries

  • Joint Replacement Surgery

Hip and knee replacements are common orthopedic procedures due to wear and tear from osteoarthritis, inflammatory diseases, trauma, or injured muscles. The disease may be managed with joint replacement surgery. It is performed to mitigate pain in the concerned joints and make walking easier. 

In joint replacement, a doctor replaces a painful hip or knee joint with a plastic and metal artificial one. After pain treatment fails, joint replacement surgery is the last resort.

  • Ankle Reconstruction

Ankle ligament repair is another typical orthopedic surgery. It corrects chronic ankle laxity and prevents joint damage. The process involves examining the injured lateral ligaments by making a tiny incision along the outside of the ankle. 

If the ligament has been stretched but not ripped, it is cut and shortened, then sewed together at both ends. A torn ligament’s ends that are still attached to the fibula bone are sewn back together. 

Orthopedics and foot doctors choose ankle reconstruction surgery because of its high success rate.

  • Ankle Replacement

For pain relief and comfort, orthopedic surgeons repair a fractured ankle joint during ankle replacement surgery. Surgery involves incisions to remove the damaged ankle bones, the tibia and talus. Then, plastic separates fabricated metallic connections that unite the remaining bone surfaces. Surgery for ankle replacement generally uses general anesthesia.

  • Disc Replacement

It is an orthopedic operation that replaces a damaged or degraded spine disc with a metal or metal-and-plastic disc. Spinal fusion surgery is increasingly replaced with disc replacement.

  • Laminectomy

Laminectomy is an orthopedic procedure that removes spinal bone. Injuries, tumors, herniated disks, canine growth, etc. might compress the spinal cord or nerve roots. Laminectomy emerges as a solution during such conditions. However, it is performed after other medical interventions have failed.

  • Hip Core Decompression

Surgical hip core decompression may cure hip osteonecrosis and avascular necrosis. It involves drilling one or more bigger holes into the femoral head’s wasted or damaged bones to reduce bone tension.

  • Joint Fusion

Joint fusion, or Arthrodesis, unites two bones in a joint surgically. Surgery removes cartilage and stabilizes the bone to straighten the joint and repair it. It was originally done for pain alleviation, but today it’s done to salvage botched knee replacement surgery. 

  • Knee Arthroscopy

An orthopedic surgeon uses an arthroscope to diagnose and treat knee issues. A surgeon uses a buttonhole incision to insert a small fiber-optic video camera tube. An HD video monitor sees into your joint. Joint disorders are diagnosed and treated with this less intrusive surgery.  

There you have it: the top eight orthopedic surgery kinds. Do not hesitate to consult with Melbourne’s leading orthopaedic experts right away if you are experiencing problems with your joints or bones.

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